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Overview - Surah 17: Al-Isra (The Night Journey ) Views: 03632
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 Total Ayat 111
 
 Total Words 1556
 
  Root Words 354
 
Unique Root Words 8
Naming Convention of the Surah [ edit ] Last edited: 03/03/2016

Explanatory Note

It takes the name ‘al-Isra’ from the first Ayat of the Surah. “Exalted is He who took His Servant by night from al-Masjid al-Haram to al-Masjid al-Aqsa”. The Isra in ‘al-Isra wal-Mi’raj’ – is the first part of the journey which took place from Makkah to Jerusalem – the ‘Mir’aj’ being the ascension from Jerusalem to the Heavens.

The surah is also referred as ‘Bani Israel’ – Children of Israel.

There are 111 Ayat in this Surah.

 
 
Top 10 Most Frequent Root Words used in this Surah
Central Theme [ edit ] Last edited: 04/03/2016

This Surah is a wonderful balance of warning and instruction. The disbelievers of Makkah are warned to take a lesson from the chastisement of the Israelites and other past civilisations.  They should therefore accept the message of Islam before they too are annihilated and replaced.

The Israelites, with whom Islam was now going to come in direct contact with in Madinah, are also admonished in the Surah and told to heed the chastisements that had historically been inflicted upon them. They are warned to take advantage of the Prophethood of the Prophet Muhammad as the last opportunity for them.

As regards the education of mankind it has been stressed that human success or failure, gain or loss, depends upon the right understanding of Monotheism, life-after-death and Prophethood. Accordingly, convincing arguments have been put forward to prove that the Qur’an is the Book of God and its teachings are true and genuine. The doubts of the disbelievers about these basic realities are removed and they are admonished and rebuked in regard to their ways of ignorance.

In connection with this, the fundamental principles of morality and civilisation on which the Islamic way of life is established have been put forward. This was like a manifesto for the intended Islamic state, which had been proclaimed a year before its actual establishment. It has been explicitly stated that this was the sketch of the system on which the Prophet Muhammad was instructed to build the foundations of society.

The Prophet was also instructed to stay firm regardless of the opposition and difficulties which he was encountering and not to compromise belief. Moreover, prayer (Salat) was prescribed in order to reform and purify their souls, producing the high qualities of character essential to faith. Incidentally we learn from hadith that ascension was the first occasion on which the five daily Prayers were prescribed.

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Connection of the name of the Surah and its Ayaat [ edit ] Last edited: 04/03/2016
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Connection between the beginning and the ending of the Surah [ edit ] Last edited: 04/03/2016
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Connection of the Surah to the Surah before/after it [ edit ] Last edited: 04/03/2016
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The Virtues of the Surah [ edit ] Last edited: 03/03/2016

Abdullah bin Masood said, “Surat Bani-lsrael, Al-Kahf (The Cave), Maryam, Taha, Al-Anbiya' (The prophets) are amongst my first earnings and my old property, and (in fact) they are my old property.”[ Bukhari no. 4994] . What Abdullah ibn Masood meant was that these surahs were amongst the first he learnt.

Aishah, the Mother of the Believers, said, “The Messenger of Allah would fast [so much] that we would say he will not stop [fasting]. Then he would not fast till we felt he would not fast [again] and he would recite every night Bani Israeel and Zumar [39].” [Tirmidhee]

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Special Features of the Surah [ edit ] Last edited: 04/03/2016
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Important key and unique words of the Surah [ edit ] Last edited: 03/03/2016
  • The word 'Qur'an' appears more times in this Surah than any other Surah. It appears 10 times
 
Total Word Count per Ayat (shows how many words per Ayat)
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Period of Revelation [ edit ] Last edited: 04/03/2016

The very first verse indicates that this Surah was revealed on the occasion of the ascension (Mi’raj). According to the narrations (hadith) on the life of the Prophet, this event happened one year before migration (Hijrah). Thus this Surah was revealed in the last stage of Prophethood in Makkah.

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Background Reasons for Revelation [ edit ] Last edited: 04/03/2016

The Prophet had been propagating Monotheism (Tawhid) for twelve years now. In spite of all the opposition, Islam had spread to every corner of Arabia and there was hardly a clan which had not been influenced by the invitation. In Makkah itself, the true Believers had formed themselves into a small community.  A large number of the people from the Aws and Khazraj tribes (two influential clans of Madinah) had also now accepted Islam. Thus the time had come for the Muslims to emigrate from Makkah to Madinah, at behest of the Aws and Khazraj to establish an Islamic state.

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Relevant Hadith [ edit ] Last edited: 04/03/2016
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Lessons/Guidance/Major-Issues/Reflections [ edit ] Last edited: 04/03/2016
  • Isra' & Mir’aj
  • Divine Commandments:
  • Worship none but Allah
  • Be kind and obedient to parents
  • Give to relatives and the needy
  • Do not be a miser or a spendthrift
  • Do not kill your children for fear of poverty
  • Do not commit adultery
  • Do not slay without just cause
  • Do not say anything without knowledge
  • Do not walk arrogantly on earth
  • Safeguard the property of orphans
  • Allah does not beget children and those who say this, utter a monstrous lie.
  • There is a life after death.
  • The obligation of Five Daily Prayers and the prayer of Tahajjud (special late night prayer).
  • Human Rasools are sent to human beings.
  • Perform Salah in a voice which is neither too loud nor too soft.
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Wiki Forum Last edited: 04/03/2016
Comments in this section are statements made by general users – these are not necessarily explanations of the Ayah – rather a place to share personal thoughts and stories… Login to enter your comments
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Miscellaneous Issues Last edited: 04/03/2016
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External Links [ edit ] Last edited: 26/04/2016
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