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Overview - Surah 22: al-Hajj (The Pilgrimage ) Views: 01983
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 Total Ayat 78
 
 Total Words 1274
 
  Root Words 335
 
Unique Root Words 14
Naming Convention of the Surah [ edit ] Last edited: 03/03/2016

Named after the obligation of the pilgrimage to Makkah - The Hajj. The word 'Hajj' is only mentioned once in this Surah, وَأَذِّن فِي النَّاسِ بِالْحَجِّ يَأْتُوكَ رِجَالًا وَعَلَىٰ كُلِّ ضَامِرٍ يَأْتِينَ مِن كُلِّ فَجٍّ عَمِيقٍ "And proclaim to the people the Hajj [pilgrimage]; they will come to you on foot and on every lean camel; they will come from every distant pass -" [22:27]

There are 78 Ayat in this Surah.

 
 
Top 10 Most Frequent Root Words used in this Surah
Central Theme [ edit ] Last edited: 03/03/2016

This Surah is addressed to:

  1. The polytheists of Makkah,
  2. The wavering Muslims and
  3. The True Believers.

The polytheists have been warned in a forceful manner to this effect: “You have obdurately and impudently persisted in your ideas of ignorance and trusted in your deities instead of God though they possess no power at all and you have repudiated the Divine Messenger. Now you will meet the same end as has been the doom of those like you before. You have only harmed yourselves by rejecting Our Prophet and by persecuting the best element of your own community; now your false deities shall not be able to save you from the wrath of God.” At the same time they have been admonished time and again for their creed of polytheism (Shirk) and sound arguments have been given in favour of Monotheism (Tawhid) and the Hereafter. The wavering Muslims who had embraced Islam but were not prepared to endure any hardship in its way have been admonished to this effect: “What is this faith of yours? On the one hand you are ready to believe in God and become His servants provided you are given peace and prosperity but on the other if you meet with afflictions and hardships in His Way you discard your God and cease to remain His servant. You should bear in mind that this wavering attitude of yours cannot avert those misfortunes and losses which God has ordained for you.”

As regards the true Believers they have been addressed in two ways:

  1. In a general way so as to include the common people of Arabia also and
  2. In an exclusive way.

The Believers have been told that the polytheists of Makkah had no right to debar them from visiting the Holy Mosque. They had no right to prevent anyone from performing Hajj because the Holy Mosque was not their private property. This objection was not only justified but it also acted as an effective political weapon against the Quraysh. For it posed this question to the other clans of Arabia: Were the Quraysh mere attendants of the Holy Mosque or its owners? It implied that if they succeeded in debarring the Muslims from Hajj without any protest from others, they would feel encouraged in future to debar from Hajj and Umrah the people of any other clan, who happened to have strained relations with the Quraysh. In order to emphasize this point, the history of the construction of the Holy Mosque has been cited to show that it was built by Prophet Abraham by the Command of God and he had invited all the peoples to perform Hajj there. That is why those coming from outside had enjoyed equal rights by the local people from the very beginning. It has also been made clear that that House had not been built for the rituals of polytheism (shirk) but for the worship of One God. Thus it was sheer tyranny that the worship of God was being forbidden there while the worship of idols enjoyed full licence

In order to counteract the tyranny of the Quraysh, the Muslims were allowed to fight with them. They were also given instructions to adopt the right and just attitude as and when they acquired power to rule in the land. Moreover, the Believers have been officially given the name of “Muslims” saying, “You are the real heirs to Abraham and you have been chosen to become witnesses of the Truth before mankind. Therefore you should establish prayer (salat) and pay the financial obligation (zakah) in order to become the best models of righteous life and perform Jihad for propagating the Word of God (v. 41,77, 78.) It will be worthwhile to keep in view the introductions to Surah 2: al-Baqarah (The Cow) and Surah 8: al-Anfal (The Spoils of War).

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Connection of the name of the Surah and its Ayaat [ edit ] Last edited: 04/03/2016
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Connection between the beginning and the ending of the Surah [ edit ] Last edited: 04/03/2016
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Connection of the Surah to the Surah before/after it [ edit ] Last edited: 04/03/2016
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The Virtues of the Surah [ edit ] Last edited: 14/08/2016
  • Uqbah bin Amir narrated: "I said: 'O Messenger of Allah! Surah Al-Hajj has been esteemed by two prostrations?' He said: 'Yes, and whoever does not prostrate for them, he should not recite them.'  [Jami` at-Tirmidhi 578]

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Special Features of the Surah [ edit ] Last edited: 03/03/2016
  • This is the first Surah in which the Muslims have been allowed to fight [reference needed]
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Important key and unique words of the Surah [ edit ] Last edited: 31/03/2016

Surah al-Hajj has 14 unique words used only once in the whole of the Qur'an [only exception is the last word 'fly' which was used twice - but in the same Ayat] 

  • 22:2 تَذْهَلُ Tadhahulu [will forget]
  • 22:9  عِطْفِهِ Itfihi [his neck]
  • 22:17 وَالْمَجُوسَ al-Majoos [the Magians]
  • 22:21 مَقَامِعُ Maqami [hooked rods]
  • 22:27 ضَامِر Dhamir [lean camel]
  • 22:27 عَمِيقٍ Ameeq [distant]
  • 22:29 تَفَثَهُمْ Tafahum [their prescribed duties]
  • 22:36 وَجَبَتْ Wajabat [are down] 
  • 22:40 لَهُدِّمَتْ Hudimat [demolished]
  • 22:40 صَوَامِعُ Sawame [monasteries]
  • 22:45 وَبِئْرٍ Bi'r [a well]
  • 22:72 يَسْطُونَ Yastuna [attack]
  • 22:73  يَسْلُبْهُمُ Yaslubuhum [snatched away from them]
  • 22:73 الذُّبَابُ Dhubab [fly]
 
Total Word Count per Ayat (shows how many words per Ayat)
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Period of Revelation [ edit ] Last edited: 04/03/2016

As this Surah contains the characteristics of both the Makkan and the Madīnan Surahs the commentators have differed as to its period of revelation but in the light of its style and themes we are of the opinion that a part of it (v. 1-24) was sent down in the last stage of the Makkan life of the Prophet a little before migration and the rest (v. 25-78) during the first stage of his Madinah life. That is why this Surah combines the characteristics of both the Makkan and the Madinah Surahs.

According to Ibn Abbas, Mujahid, Qatadah and other great commentators, v. 39 is the first verse that grants the Muslims permission to wage war. Collections of hadith and books on the life of the Prophet confirm that after this permission actual preparations for war were started and the first expedition was sent to the coast of the Red Sea in Safar 2 A.H. which is known as the Expedition of Waddan or Al-Abwa.

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Background Reasons for Revelation [ edit ] Last edited: 04/03/2016
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Relevant Hadith [ edit ] Last edited: 03/03/2016
  • Uqbah bin Amir narrated: "I said: 'O Messenger of Allah! Surah Al-Hajj has been esteemed by two prostrations?' He said: 'Yes, and whoever does not prostrate for them, he should not recite them.'"  [Jami` at-Tirmidhi 578]
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Lessons/Guidance/Major-Issues/Reflections [ edit ] Last edited: 04/03/2016
  • A scene from the Hour of Doom.
  • Human life cycle: life in this world and life in the Hereafter.
  • Behavior of those individuals who were standing at the verge of faith is identified.
  • The fact that Allah always helps His Rasools.
  • Divine law granting equal rights to all believers in Masjid-al-Haram, whether they are natives or foreigners.
  • The fact that Allah Himself identified the site and asked Prophet Ibrahim (pbuh) to build the Ka'bah and call mankind to come for Hajj (Pilgrimage).
  • Someone who commits Shirk is like someone who falls from the sky and his body is snatched away by birds.
  • The fact that it is not the blood or the flesh of a sacrificed animal which reaches Allah but the piety of the individual who is offering the sacrifice.
  • The first Commandment of Allah granting permission to the believers to defend themselves and fight against the unbelievers and mushrikin.
  • On the Day of Judgement, Allah Himself will be the Judge for all.
  • Allah's promise to those who migrate for His sake that He will reward them generously.
  • The fact that Allah called the Believers Muslims in the prior scriptures and also in the Qur'an
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Wiki Forum Last edited: 04/03/2016
Comments in this section are statements made by general users – these are not necessarily explanations of the Ayah – rather a place to share personal thoughts and stories… Login to enter your comments
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Miscellaneous Issues Last edited: 04/03/2016
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External Links [ edit ] Last edited: 03/03/2016
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