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Overview - Surah 36: Ya Sin (Ya Sin) Views: 01901
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 Total Ayat 83
 
 Total Words 725
 
  Root Words 220
 
Unique Root Words 3
Naming Convention of the Surah [ edit ] Last edited: 03/03/2016

This Surah takes its name after the first Ayat, Ya Sin

There are 83 Ayat in this Surah.

 
 
Top 10 Most Frequent Root Words used in this Surah
Central Theme [ edit ] Last edited: 04/03/2016

The object of the discourse is to warn the Quraysh of the consequences of not believing in the Prophethood of Muhammad and of resisting and opposing it with tyranny, ridicule and mockery. The aspect of the warning is dominant and conspicuous although along with repeatedly giving the warnings, arguments also have been given for the correct understanding by the people.

Arguments have been given for three things:

(1) For Monotheism (Tawhid) from the signs of the universe and from common sense; (2) for the Hereafter from the signs of the universe, from common sense and from man’s own existence itself; and (3) for the Prophethood of the Prophet Muhammad. This was from the fact that he was facing all kinds of hardships in the preaching of his message without any selfish motive and from this that whatever he was inviting the people to was rational and reasonable, accepting which was in the people’s own interest.

On the strength of these arguments themes of reprobation, reproof and warning have been presented repeatedly in a highly forceful manner so that hearts are shaken up and those which have any capacity for accepting the truth left in them should not remain unmoved.

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Connection of the name of the Surah and its Ayaat [ edit ] Last edited: 04/03/2016
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Connection between the beginning and the ending of the Surah [ edit ] Last edited: 05/04/2016

The relationship between the beginning of the Surah and its end is clear. The beginning of the Surah speaks about Disbelievers  deserving of the punishment as a result of their stubbornness, and as a result of Allah having sealed their hearts:

  • "Indeed the Word (of punishment) has proven true against most of them, so they will not believe." (36:7)
  • "Verily, We have put on their necks iron collars reaching to the chins, so that their heads are raised up." (36:8)
  • "And We have put a barrier before them, and a barrier behind them, and We have covered them up, so that they cannot see." (36:9)

The end of the Surah gives an example of one of these stubborn deniers (introduced generally at its beginning), upon whose heart Allah has sealed, and whose vision Allah has blinded, arguing with the Prophet SAW with regards to resurrection:

  • "And he puts forth for Us a parable, and forgets his own creation. He says: "Who will give life to these bones after they are rotten and have become dust." (36:78)
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Connection of the Surah to the Surah before/after it [ edit ] Last edited: 05/04/2016
  • Taking Satan as an enemy. Both Surah al-Fatir and Ya Sin emphasize the need to take Satan as an enemy:
    - إِنَّ الشَّيْطَانَ لَكُمْ عَدُوٌّ فَاتَّخِذُوهُ عَدُوًّا ۚ إِنَّمَا يَدْعُو حِزْبَهُ لِيَكُونُوا مِنْ أَصْحَابِ السَّعِيرِ  "Indeed, Satan is an enemy to you; so take him as an enemy. He only invites his party to be among the companions of the Blaze." (35:6)
    - أَلَمْ أَعْهَدْ إِلَيْكُمْ يَا بَنِي آدَمَ أَن لَّا تَعْبُدُوا الشَّيْطَانَ ۖ إِنَّهُ لَكُمْ عَدُوٌّ مُّبِينٌ "Did I not enjoin upon you, O children of Adam, that you not ta'badu [enslave/serve] Satan - [for] indeed, he is to you a clear enemy." (36:60)
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The Virtues of the Surah [ edit ] Last edited: 05/04/2016
  • Jundub ibn Abdullah narrates that the Messenger of Allah said, "مَن قرَأ يس في ليلةٍ ابتغاءَ وجهِ اللهِ غُفِر له" "Whoever recites Surah Ya Sin in the night seeking the pleasure of Allah will be forgiven." [Saheeh ibn Hibban no. 2574]
  • Imam Ahmad has narrated in his Musnad from Safwan that, ‘The scholars use to say that when it is recited by the deceased, Allah creates ease for him/her.’ (See Tafsir ibn Kathir vol.3 pg.571)
  • There are a number of reports which state Surah Ya Sin is the 'Heart of the Qur'an'. 
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Special Features of the Surah [ edit ] Last edited: 04/03/2016
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Important key and unique words of the Surah [ edit ] Last edited: 04/03/2016
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Total Word Count per Ayat (shows how many words per Ayat)
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Period of Revelation [ edit ] Last edited: 04/03/2016

A study of the style shows that it was either sent down during the last stage of the middle Makkan period or it is one of those Surahs which were sent down during the last stage of the Prophet’s stay at Makkah.

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Background Reasons for Revelation [ edit ] Last edited: 04/03/2016
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Relevant Hadith [ edit ] Last edited: 05/04/2016
  • Ma’qil ibn Yasar (radiyallahu’anhu) reports that Rasulullah (sallallahu’alayhi wasallam) said: “Surah Yasin is the heart of the Qur’an. When anyone who intends the Akhira recites it Allah will forgive him. Recite it upon your deceased.”  [Sunan Abi Dawud - Imam Hakim has classified this tradition as sahih (authentic); Mustadrak Hakim vol.1 pg.565 – see al-Targhib vol.2 pg.376]
     
  • Sayyiduna Jundub ibn ‘Abdullah (radiyallahu’anhu) narrates that Rasulullah (sallallahu’alayhi wasallam) said, “Whoever recites Surah Yasin at night seeking the pleasure of Allah, His sins will be forgiven.” [Muwatta Imam Malik, Sahih ibn Hibban vol.6 pg.312 (see al-Targhib vol.2 pg.377) A similar narration is reported by Sayyiduna Abu Hurayrah (radiyallahu’anhu) and has been recorded by Imam Abu Ya’ala in his Musnad. Hafiz Ibn Kathir has classified its chain of narrators as good (jayyid). (Tafsir ibn Kathir vol.3 pg.570)
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Lessons/Guidance/Major-Issues/Reflections [ edit ] Last edited: 04/03/2016
  • The Qur’an is revealed by Allah to warn people and establish a charge-sheet against the disbelievers.
  • Allah has created all things in pairs.
  • The day, night, sun and moon; all are being regulated by Allah.
  • Scenes from the Day of Judgement:
  • Allah's greetings to the residents of Paradise.
  • Allah's address to the criminal sinners.
  • Hands and feet shall bear witness.
  • All human beings shall be raised back to life again on the Day of Judgement for accountability of their deeds.
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Wiki Forum Last edited: 04/03/2016
Comments in this section are statements made by general users – these are not necessarily explanations of the Ayah – rather a place to share personal thoughts and stories… Login to enter your comments
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Miscellaneous Issues Last edited: 04/03/2016
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External Links [ edit ] Last edited: 26/04/2016
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